JCU to investigate anti-cancer venom treatment
A team of researchers from Queensland’s James Cook University is undertaking research to determine if venom from funnel web spiders and tarantulas can be used to kill breast cancer cells.
State Science Minister Ros Bates admitted that while the research was unorthodox, it could yield impressive results for suffers of a variety of cancers.
“Spiders are often treated with fear; they have a complex mix of venom molecules that kill prey and predators. Researchers have found that their venom may offer an untapped suite of natural molecules to fight breast cancer cells,” Ms Bates said.
“With more than 40,000 species of spiders it’s estimated there are more than four million different toxins in spider venom. Those toxins will now be screened, to look at their potential to treat cancer in humans.”
JCU’s Professor Norelle Daly said the team was also investigating the potential anti-carcinogenic properties of the little known Gac fruit.
“The Gac fruit has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 1,200 years. Clinical research at the University of Hanoi in Vietnam found oil from the pulp and seeds were effective in the treatment of liver cancer,” Professor Daly said.
“Our research team set about investigating what it was about the fruit that seemed to give it anti-cancer properties.
“We found Gac had the ability to block a particular enzyme associated with the development of cancer. Scientists were able to isolate the fruit’s anti-cancer properties, which had the potential to inhibit the growth of cancer cells- in the lab at least.”
The next stage of the research is to design a more targeted drug to help treat breast, skin and prostate cancers.