Health costs high for country life
Research has revealed a big divide in Australian health.
A 21-year study of more than 2.4 million cases of infectious disease across Australia shows a major social divide where being poorer, living remotely or being an Indigenous Australian means having an increased risk of sexually transmissible infections (STIs).
People living in remote areas are three times more likely to have a notifiable disease, with the incidence of STIs six times higher in these regions as well.
Queensland and the Northern Territory (NT) are disproportionally represented on the infectious diseases scorecard with Queensland having the greatest number of notifications despite ranking third in population behind New South Wales (NSW) and Victoria.
The NT had notification rates four times higher than the national average and the annual incidence of STIs was eightfold higher in the NT than the national average, according to previous studies conducted by the researchers.
The experts say it is an “unacceptably high” incidence of disease, especially after two decades of surveillance and health programs.
The study used data from the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) to provide the world’s longest and most comprehensive trend analysis of all nationally notifiable diseases including influenza, gastrointestinal diseases and STIs.
STIs comprised 33 per cent of all notifications, increasing fivefold from 64/100,000 per year in 1991–1997 to 334/100,000 per year in 2005–2011. Chlamydia accounted for 79 per cent of STI notifications, gonococcal infection 16 per cent and syphilis 5 per cent.
The study revealed that while Indigenous people make up only 3 per cent of the Australian population they represent 8 per cent of notified cases.
“Significant under-reporting of Indigenous status among notified cases means likely underestimation of this proportion despite completeness of Indigenous status reporting in health data sets being a priority in the Federal Government’s Closing the Gap strategy,” said author Dr Katherine Gibney.
But the study results did bring some good news, showing the success of the national immunisation strategy with a marked reduction in rubella, measles and Hib (which causes meningitis).
The full paper has been published in The Lancet.